Dengue viral infection is spreading all over Pakistan

Dengue viral infection is spreading all over Pakistan.

Dengue fever is a viral infection. It is transmitted to humans due to the bite of specifically infected female mosquitoes.

By Mahmood Hussain, on Wednesday 26th September 2022, the article is written for   BABY FIRST PAKISTAN and on Facebook.babyfirstPakistan and other social media such as LinkedIn, Twitter, and so on. The writer is Mahmood Hussain is from Karachi Pakistan. Currently, he is in Dubai with his younger son.

20th September 2022. Journal of Vector Borne Disease 59, June 2022, pp.109–114.

An overview of dengue viral infection circulating in Pakistan.

Detail Research by Liaquat Ali, Zakia Gul, Asiya Ijaz, Nouman Khalid, Falak Zeb ET all.

Dengue fever is caused by the messenger RNA virus. Worldwide it infects more than 2.5 billion people which is approximately 1/3 of the world population.

The frequency and occurrence of dengue fever have increased speedily and at a rapid pace within the last 5-7 years. It has affected human beings at an alarming pace within Pakistan.

As reported by the National Institute of Health (NIH), Islamabad Pakistan they release the annual report from 2017- 2020 which was 23,000, more than 3,200, 24,500, and 3442 correspondingly. In the year 2021 reported dengue cases were 48,906.

Currently, in the year 2022, Dengue is spreading with pace. Data for this year is under compilation but it has been with great intensity. The reason itself is the dengue virus spread and primarily also due to severe flooding in all four provinces and the capital has increased its intensity. So far 330 million people are affected by severe floods and which may give rise to widespread Dengue fever

Now the winter season is approaching in the North of Pakistan. Despite it dengue cases are reported within the Government hospitals on pan Pakistan basis.

WHO published a detailed report on Dengue fever in January 2022.  Dengue is a mosquito-borne viral disease, which is spread by female mosquito bites within all regions.  

To date, there is no specific treatment for dengue fever. Early identification of it and providing the right medical care lowers the loss of life by less than 1%.                                                                                                                                                                                           

Worldwide chances for dengue have increased rapidly in the last decade, and this may affect 50% of the world’s population. The current estimate and as reported by WHO is that 100-400 million are infected each year. More than 80% of the infected population either fall in mild or asymptomatic.                                                                                                                       

World Health Organization (WHO) published a report in December 2021, concerning Dengue fever status in Pakistan. Dengue is widespread in Pakistan. The last notable outbreak between September to December 2021 recorded 53,498 cases and 95 death is reported.             

CDC report listed recently dengue sufferers have mostly mild symptoms and it may be confused with other illnesses which result in body ache, fever, pains, or a rashes

Symptoms of Dengue is along  with fever and may also have the following:


Muscular pain

Pain in bone and joint

Body rashes

Vomiting and Nausea

Pain in eye

Running nose

Dengue is of viral origin and typically it lasts for 2-7 days. Most sufferers will recover after a week.

There is no specific medicine to treat Dengue fever. As per the appearance of specific symptoms treat them.

Visit your doctor or health care provider for advice and consultation. 

If you or any one of your family members have dengue fever, do visit your doctor.

Besides fever, if have any other above-listed symptoms related to dengue, please brief your doctor.

Ensure to rest as much as possible.

Use regularly Paracetamol three to four times a day, this is to ensure control of fever and pain. Avoid taking Aspirin and ibuprofen during dengue fever.

Drink plenty of water and fluids to stay hydrated and use it along with electrolytes commonly refer as Oral Rehydrate Salt (ORS) or Gatorade.

If fever is of a mild to moderate nature please take care of the sick person and isolate and confine them at home.  Keep away from infants, children, and other adult members at home.

The article was written by Mahmood Hussain, on Wednesday 26th September 2022 for BABY FIRST PAKISTAN and on Facebook.babyfirstPakistan and other social media such as LinkedIn, Twitter, and so on.

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